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Pleurobrachia pileus


Profile

lexID:
2974 
Scientific:
Pleurobrachia pileus 
German:
Kamm- oder Rippenqualle; Seestachelbeere 
English:
Comb jelly 
Category:
Méduses 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Ctenophora (Phylum) > Tentaculata (Class) > Cydippida (Order) > Pleurobrachiidae (Family) > Pleurobrachia (Genus) > pileus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Müller, 1776) 
Occurrence:
Atlantique Central, Atlantique nord, Atlantique Ouest, Australie, Caraïbes, indo pacifique, littoraux européens, Méditerranée, Mer Baltique, Mer d'Arabie, Mer de corail, Mer du Nord, Mer Rouge, Océan Indien, Océanie, Pacifique Central, Pacifique Ouest, Pacifique Sud 
Size:
bis zu 2cm 
Temperature:
5°C - 28°C 
Food:
alevin, arénicole, crustacés, krill, le zooplancton, méduse, mysis, plancton, poissons (petits poissons) 
Tank:
~ 3000 Liter 
Difficulty:
Pour aquariophiles éprouvés 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
  • Pleurobrachia arctica
  • Pleurobrachia australis
  • Pleurobrachia bachei
  • Pleurobrachia brunnea
  • Pleurobrachia dimidiata
  • Pleurobrachia globosa
  • Pleurobrachia latipharyngea
  • Pleurobrachia pigmentata
  • Pleurobrachia rhododactyla
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2010-01-04 05:32:46 

Husbandry

(O. F. Müller, 1776)

Pleurobrachia pileus is a small, oval to spherical comb jelly, up to 1-2.5 cm high with two long fishing tentacles. The fishing tentacles are up to 15-20 times the length of the body (up to 50 cm long), bear lateral filaments, and can be completely retracted into the body. It swims with eight longitudinal combs, arranged in four paired rows, that give the comb jellies (ctenophores) their characteristic shimmering appearance. These combs consist of plates of transverse rows of hairs that beat in waves downwards, which produces the shimmering effect. These plates are phosphorescent at night. The gut may bear some colour. Newly hatched specimens are pear-shaped and bear only short rows of combs.

Pleurobrachia pileus is transparent ovoid to spherical body 1-2.5 cm high. Radially symmetrical with secondary bilateral symmetry. She has eight longitudinal rows of combs, arranged in four paired rows and two fishing tentacles up to 50 cm long. Lateral filaments of fishing tentacles similar.

Pleurobrachia pileus is a carnivore, preying on zooplankton, especially copepods.

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Ctenophora (Phylum) > Tentaculata (Class) > Typhlocoela (Subclass) > Cydippida (Order) > Pleurobrachiidae (Family) > Pleurobrachia (Genus) > Pleurobrachia pileus (Species)

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