Northeast Pacific: Shumagin Islands in the western Gulf of Alaska to Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.
Possibly occurring in the Bering Sea.
Ranges from the intertidal to 475 m depth. Adults are found near rocks, inshore and to 427 m.
Young occur on sand or mud bottom of bays and inshore areas.
Both migratory and non-migratory populations exist.
Adults feed mostly on other fishes but also take crustaceans, octopi and squid.
Young feed on copepods and other small crustaceans.
A very important sport and commercial species. The liver is rich in vitamin A.
Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.
Has sharp teeth and gill rakers that can cut fingers if handled.