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Spirula spirula

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Rams Horn Shell,Spirula spirula, a squid.Waipu Cove.2019

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Courtesy of the author Javier Couper,New Zealand (Photo taken by Javier Couper) Image detail


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lexID:
12501 
AphiaID:
141548 
Scientific:
Spirula spirula 
German:
Posthörnchen 
English:
Ram's Horn Squid, Ram's Horn Shell, Ram's Horn, Common Spirula 
Category:
Céphalopodes 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Mollusca (Phylum) > Cephalopoda (Class) > Spirulida (Order) > Spirulidae (Family) > Spirula (Genus) > spirula (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Occurrence:
Afrique du Sud, Atlantique nord, Atlantique Ouest, Azores, Espagne, golfe du Mexique, Inde, littoraux européens, Madagascar, Nouvelle Zélande, Portugal 
Sea depth:
100 - 1750 Meter 
Size:
2 cm - 4,5 cm 
Temperature:
°C - 10°C 
Food:
le zooplancton, plancton 
Difficulty:
Cold water animal 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Least concern (LC)  
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2019-10-25 18:31:30 

Husbandry

Spirula spirula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Distribution Tropical and subtropical oceanic waters worldwide, where the water temperature at 400 m is 10ºC or warmer.

Length Rarely exceeds 45 mm mantle length.

Habitat This is a mesopelagic species, inhabiting from 600 to 700 m during the day and found in depths less than 300 m at night. Capture of young at depths between 1 000 and 1 750 m suggests that females possibly lay eggs on the bottom of continental slope.

Synonymised names:
Lituus laevis Gray, 1849 (synonym)
Nautilus spirula Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
Spirula australis Lamarck, 1816 (synonym)
Spirula blakei Lönnberg, 1896 (synonym)
Spirula fragilis Lamarck, 1801 (junior objective synonym of Nautilus spirula, Rejected and Invalid Species Names in Zoology O.315)
Spirula peroni Lamarck, 1822
Spirula peronii Lamarck, 1822 (synonym)
Spirula prototypus Péron, 1804
Spirula reticulata Owen, 1848 (synonym)
Spirulea prototypos Péron, 1807 (synonym)

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