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Xestospongia muta


Profile

lexID:
3149 
AphiaID:
166894 
Scientific:
Xestospongia muta 
German:
Karibischer Vasen-Schwamm 
English:
Giant Barrel Sponge 
Category:
Eponges 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Porifera (Phylum) > Demospongiae (Class) > Haplosclerida (Order) > Petrosiidae (Family) > Xestospongia (Genus) > muta (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Schmidt, ), 1870 
Occurrence:
Venezuela, Atlantique Central, Bahamas, Bermudes, Caraïbes, Caraïbes, Floride, golfe du Mexique, Kuba, Mexique (Nord-est du Pacifique), Panama 
Size:
bis zu 200cm 
Temperature:
°C - 29°C 
Food:
le phytoplancton, le zooplancton, plancton, spécialiste de la nourriture 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for aquarium keeping 
Offspring:
None 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
  • Xestospongia arenosa
  • Xestospongia bergquistia
  • Xestospongia bocatorensis
  • Xestospongia caminata
  • Xestospongia clavata
  • Xestospongia coralloides
  • Xestospongia delaubenfelsi
  • Xestospongia deweerdtae
  • Xestospongia diprosopia
  • Xestospongia dubia
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2010-05-01 12:42:39 

Husbandry

Xestospongia muta, also known as Caribbean barrel sponge or "Redwood of the caribbean", is one of the typical inhabitants of Caribbean reefs. It is found mostly singly or in small groups of two or three sponges at a depth of about 10 meters.

Unfortunately, little is known about the biological basis of this massive and prominent representative of the Caribbean reefs. Little is known about growth, possible age, reproduction and mortality, yet the importance for the ecological system of Caribbean reefs.

The sponge lives in symbiosis with a cyanobacterium called Prochlorococcus marinus "(in the outer layers of the sponge), which gives his brownish-red color.

The tissue of the sponge is hard, almost stony. The surface itself is rough and has sharp, always to the top outgrowth. They are well protected as well as the upper edge is provided with sharp outgrowth too.



Class: Demospongiae
Order: Haplosclerida
Family: Petrosiidae
Genus: Xestospongia
Species: X. Muta



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