Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), southeastern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, most of the Antilles and Caribbean coast of Central and South America extending southward to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; also North Carolina and Texas, USA
Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually at depths less than 20 m.
Feeds on fishes (Gobiidae, Gerreidae, Engraulidae) and crustaceans (shrimps and crabs).
Congregates at mouths of passes and rivers during the spawning season, May through September.
Seasonal movements into freshwater occur but poorly understood. Marketed fresh.
Valued game fish and an excellent food fish.
The world record for hook and line is a 53-lb., 10 ounce fish caught at Parismina Ranch, Costa Rica.