Northeast Atlantic: southeastern Barents Sea and Iceland to Portugal, also in the Black Sea, Aegean Sea, Adriatic Sea and adjacent areas.
Rare in the northwestern Mediterranean.
More commonly found from 30 to 100 m, mainly on mud and gravel bottoms, but also on sand and rock.
Feed on shrimps, crabs, mollusks, small fish, polychaetes and cephalopods.
Migrate to the open sea only after the first year of life. Eggs are pelagic. Larvae and juveniles are associated with jellyfish. Upon maturity, small chin barbel characteristic of juveniles disappear. Spawn in batches.
Gadus euxinus Nordmann, 1840 (synonym)
Gadus merlangus Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Gadus merlangus euxinus Nordmann, 1840
Gadus merlangus merlangus Linnaeus, 1758
Merlangius merlangius (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Merlangius merlangus euxinus (Nordmann, 1840)
Merlangius merlangus merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Merlangus linnei Malm, 1877
Merlangus merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Merlangus merlangus euxinus (Nordmann, 1840) (misspelling)
Merlangus vulgaris Fleming, 1828
Odontogadus merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Odontogadus merlangus euxinus (Nordmann, 1840)
Odontogadus merlangus merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758)