Special thanks to David Brayn, USA, for this foto!
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to the Gulf of Mexico, Cuba, Trinidad, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Brazil. Rare in the West Indies (Cuba, Haiti, and Trinidad).
Reports from the eastern Pacific are apparently misidentifications of Epinephelus exsul.
A solitary species usually found on rocky bottoms; juveniles are occasionally seen on jetties and shallow reefs. Adults feed on a variety of crabs, shrimps, lobsters, and fishes.
IUCN Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR) (A2d+3d)