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Trachurus trachurus


Profile

lexID:
4914 
AphiaID:
126822 
Scientific:
Trachurus trachurus 
German:
Bastard- oder Holzmakrele , Stöcker 
English:
Atlantic Horse Mackerel 
Category:
Carangues 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Carangidae (Family) > Trachurus (Genus) > trachurus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Occurrence:
West Sahara, the Isle of Man, Morocco, Namibia, Russland, Israel, Madeira, Ghana, Mozambique, Algérie, Atlantique Est, Canaries, Egypte, Espagne, îles britanniques, Islande, Le Cap-Vert, littoraux européens, Méditerranée, Mer Baltique, Mer du Nord, Portugal, Scandinavie, Sénégal, Street of Gibralta 
Sea depth:
0 - 1050 Meter 
Size:
22 cm - 70 cm 
Temperature:
°C - 28°C 
Food:
Hydrozoa polyps, Copepods, Sponges, Sea squirts, Aquatic plant, Amphipods, alevin, algues, arénicole, calamar, crabes, crevettes, crevettes-barbier, crustacés, escargots, homard, Invertébrés, krill, le zooplancton, méduse, moules, mysis, poissons (petits poissons), seiche, tourteaux 
Difficulty:
Pas pour l'aquarium! 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Vulnerable (VU) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-12-26 18:04:23 

Husbandry

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Special thanks for the foto to Christian Coudre, France.

Distribution:
Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, round the coast to Maputo.

Adults form large schools in coastal areas with sandy substrate.
Feed on fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Are batch spawners.
Females lay 140,000 eggs, which hatch into 5mm long larvae. Eggs are pelagic.
Divided into two stocks: West stock and North Sea stock. West stock spawns in a belt from the Biscay to Ireland in early spring, migrates north and eastwards to southern Norway and northern North Sea.
North Sea stock spawns in the southern North Sea in summer, migrates to central North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat.

Synonymised taxa:
Caranx trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Scomber trachurus Linnaeus, 1758
Trachurus europaeus Gronow, 1854
Trachurus saurus Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
Trachurus vulgaris Fleming, 1828

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