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Epinephelus striatus


Profile

lexID:
2802 
AphiaID:
159222 
Scientific:
Epinephelus striatus 
German:
Nassau-Zackenbarsch 
English:
Nassau-Grouper 
Category:
Percoïdés 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Serranidae (Family) > Epinephelus (Genus) > striatus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Bloch, ), 1792 
Occurrence:
Barbados, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, Haiti, the Netherlands Antilles, Venezuela, Guatemala, Suriname, Anguilla, Antigua et Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bermudes, Brésil, Caraïbes, Colombie, Curaçao, Dominique, golfe du Mexique, Guyane, Honduras, îles Caïmans, Îles Turques et Caïques, Îles Vierges britanniques, Kuba, La Grenade, Martinique, Montserrat, Nicaragua , Panama, Republique dominicaine, Sainte-Lucie, St. Kitts et Nevis, St. Vincent et les Grenadines, Trinité-et-Tobago, USA, Virgin Islands, U.S. 
Sea depth:
1 - 90 Meter 
Size:
70 cm - 120 cm 
Temperature:
22°C - 27°C 
Food:
Predatory, Hermit crabs, crabes, crevettes, crustacés, krill, poissons (petits poissons) 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for aquarium keeping 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Critically endangered (CR) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
More related species
in this lexicon
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2019-07-27 18:58:37 

Husbandry

Epinephelus striatus belong to the Family „Serranidae“ . They are also known as Nassau grouper and occur from New England (USA) to southeastern Brazil, throughout the Bahamas, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. Epinephelus striatus is one of the larger reef fish and one that has suffered a dramatic decline during the 20th Century, primarily as a result of overfishing. Nassau grouper (like most other grouper) are considered cryptic, occupying crevices and caves along ledges and reefs as well as shipwrecks. Adults are generally solitary, with the exception of spawning events when hundreds of individuals were known to group together.

Juveniles may sometimes be found in grass beds, inlet areas, and in nearshore habitats; while adult fish are typically observed in rocky reefs offshore to 100 meter depths. The body color of Epinephelus striatus varies from tawny to pinkish red, with five dark vertical bars. The third and fourth bars branch above the lateral line and form a "W". Nassau grouper possesses a black saddle on top of the caudal peduncle, black spots around the eye and a distinctive tuning-fork shaped marking on top of the head. Individuals are capable of altering their colour pattern to resemble that of the surrounding environment or as a means of communication.

Epinephelus striatus , like almost all groupers, are protogynous hermaphrodites, they begin their lives as a "female" and transforme later to "males".

They are regular visitors to cleaning stations where small cleaning wrasse or shrimps will remove parasites from inside the grouper's mouth. Nassau groupers are long-lived, surviving for over 20 years in the wild.

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